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Hydrotherapy: A Nonpharmacological Method of Assistance During Childbirth

      Interest in alternative labour plans have been increasing for many women over the years due to the rising poor maternal outcomes. Low-middle income countries (LMICs) like Pakistan experience poor maternal outcomes compared with other low-income countries.
      • Aziz A.
      • Saleem S.
      • Nolen T.L.
      • et al.
      Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?.
      In a recent study, it was put forward that between 2014 and 2018, Pakistan had a maternal mortality rate 3 times that of 3 other countries (India, Kenya, and Zambia) combined.
      • Aziz A.
      • Saleem S.
      • Nolen T.L.
      • et al.
      Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?.
      This frightening depiction can be attributed to the failure of health care facilities in providing safe and affordable labour options to pregnant women.
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      References

        • Aziz A.
        • Saleem S.
        • Nolen T.L.
        • et al.
        Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?.
        Reprod Health. 2020; 17: 190
        • Shaw-Battista J.
        Systematic review of hydrotherapy research: does a warm bath in labor promote normal physiologic childbirth?.
        J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2017; 31: 303-316
        • Simpson K.R.
        Underwater birth.
        J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2013; 42: 588-594