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Are Canadian Cannabis Dispensaries Counselling Pregnant Women Appropriately?

Published:August 24, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2020.08.011

      ABSTRACT

      Our objective was to examine the recommendations that Canadian dispensary employees are giving to women regarding cannabis use for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) since the legalization of recreational cannabis in 2018.
      We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional study of licensed cannabis dispensaries in 2019, wherein a mystery caller stated they were 8 weeks pregnant and experiencing nausea and vomiting and asked for recommendations about cannabis. Our research was modeled after the primary study done in Colorado by Dickson and colleagues in 2018.
      An overwhelming majority of dispensaries (93%) in our study recommended against the use of a cannabis product for NVP, which contrasted significantly to the findings of the Colorado study, in which 70% of dispensaries recommended a cannabis product. These findings suggest that Canadian dispensary employees have been adequately educated about the dangers of cannabis use during pregnancy and are helpful from a public health lens.

      RÉSUMÉ

      L'objectif était d'examiner les recommandations que les employés de dispensaires canadiens donnent aux femmes relativement à la consommation de cannabis pour soulager les nausées et vomissements pendant la grossesse depuis la légalisation du cannabis récréatif.
      En 2019, nous avons mené une étude transversale nationale des dispensaires autorisés. Pour ce faire, une appelante mystère affirmait être enceinte de 8 semaines et souffrir de nausées et de vomissements, puis demandait des recommandations sur la consommation de cannabis. Notre recherche a été conçue d'après l’étude primaire effectuée au Colorado par Dickson et coll. en 2018.
      La très grande majorité des dispensaires étudiés (93 %) ont déconseillé la consommation de produits du cannabis pour soulager les nausées et vomissements, ce qui contraste de façon significative avec les observations de l’étude menée au Colorado, où 70 % des dispensaires recommandaient la consommation de produits du cannabis. Ces observations portent à croire que les employés de dispensaires canadiens ont reçu des renseignements adéquats relativement aux dangers de la consommation de cannabis pendant la grossesse et qu'ils sont d'une bonne aide du point de vue de la santé publique.

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