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- Routine ultrasound screening in pregnancy and the children's subsequent handedness.Early Hum Dev. 1998; 50: 233-245
- Ultrasound during pregnancy and birth weight, childhood malignancies and neurological development.Ultrasound Med Biol. 1999; 25: 1025-1031
- Sinistrality - A side effect of prenatal sonography: a comparative study of young men.Epidemiology. 2001; 12: 618-623
- Prenatal exposure to diagnostic ultrasound impacts blood-brain barrier permeability in rats.Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012; 38: 1051-1714
- Ultrasound exposure of the foetal chick brain: effects on learning and memory.Int J Dev Neurosci. 2009; 27: 677-683
- Effect of diagnostic ultrasound during the fetal period on learning and memory in mice.Ann Anat. 2008; 190: 37-45
- Prenatal exposure to ultrasound waves impacts neuronal migration in mice.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006; 103: 12903-12910
- Ethical analysis of non-medical fetal ultrasound.Nurse Ethics. 2009; 16: 637-646
Health Canada; Public Health Agency of Canada. It's your health. Fetal ultrasound for keepsake videos. November 2003. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/ultrasound-echographie-eng.php. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Fetal keepsake videos. August 2005. Updated May, 2011. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/safety/alertsandnotices/patientalerts/ucm064756.htm. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Report no. 140. Exposure criteria for medical diagnostic ultrasound. Criteria based on all known mechanisms. Recommendations of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Issued December 31, 2002. Available at: http://www.ncrponline.org/Publications/Press_Releases/140press.html. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
- Diagnostic Imaging Committee, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. Obstetric ultrasound biological effects and safety. SOGC Clinical Practice Guidelines, No. 160, June 2005.J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2005; 27: 572-575
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. Keepsake fetal imaging. AIUM official statement, April, 2012. Available at: http://www.aium.org/officialStatements/31. Accessed on November 1, 2005.
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. Prudent use in pregnancy. AIUM official statement, April, 2012. Available at: http://www.aium.org/officialStatements/31. Accessed on November 1, 2005.
- Bioeffects and Safety Committee; Board of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG). ISUOG-WFUMB Statement on the non-medical use of ultrasound, 2011.Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2011; 38: 688-694
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion No. 359: Commercial enterprises in medical practice.Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 109: 243-245
American College of Radiology. ACR Statement on fetal keepsake videos for entertainment only. Available at: http://www.acr.org/About-Us/Media-Center/Position-Statements/Position-Statements-Folder/ACR-Statement-on-Fetal-Keepsake-Videos-for-Entertainment-Only. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario. Fetal ultrasound for non- medical reasons. Policy Statement No. 4–10. May 2010. Available at: http://www.cpso.on.ca/Policies/ultrasound.htm. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers. Non-diagnostic use of ultrasound for entertainment purposes in the obstetrical setting. May 28, 2008. Available at: http://www.sdms.org/positions/nondiagnostic.asp. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
Canadian Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers. Statement on ultrasound for entertainment. CSDMS Standards, March 1994. Available at: http://www.csdms.com/docs/ppg.pdf. Accessed on November 1, 2013.
This document reflects emerging clinical and scientific advances on the date issued and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed. Local institutions can dictate amendments to these opinions. They should be well documented if modified at the local level. None of these contents may be reproduced in any form without prior written permission of the publisher.
All people have the right and responsibility to make informed decisions about their care in partnership with their health care providers. In order to facilitate informed choice, patients should be provided with information and support that is evidence-based, culturally appropriate and tailored to their needs.
This guideline was written using language that places women at the centre of care. That said, the SOGC is committed to respecting the rights of all people – including transgender, gender non-binary, and intersex people – for whom the guideline may apply. We encourage healthcare providers to engage in respectful conversation with patients regarding their gender identity as a critical part of providing safe and appropriate care. The values, beliefs and individual needs of each patient and their family should be sought and the final decision about the care and treatment options chosen by the patient should be respected.