Research Article| Volume 19, ISSUE 8, P853-859, July 1997

Cardiovascular Physiology: Similarities and Differences between Healthy Women and Men

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      We have falsely assumed that the response of the cardiovascular system to external stimuli is die same in men and women; however, normal cardiovascular physiology in women and men differs in several important ways.
      This article outlines the key known differences between cardiovascular responses in women and men. It will include blood pressure, heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and response to exercise training.
      Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in both women and men; therefore, it is important to focus research and investigations on these differences.


      Nous avons commis l’erreur de supposer que la réponse de l’appareil cardio-vasculaire aux stimuli externes est identique chez les hommes et les femmes; la physiologie cardio-vasculaire normale des femmes et celle des hommes se différencient toutefois de façon importante et à plusieurs titres.
      Dans cet article, on décrit les principales différences connues entre les réponses cardio-vasculaires des femmes et celles des hommes, notamment la tension artérielle, la fréquence cardiaque, le volume systolique, le débit cardiaque et la réponse à l’effort.
      Les maladies cardio-vasculaires constituent la principale cause de décès chez les femmes et les hommes; par conséquent, il importe d’axer la recherche et les enquêtes sur ces différences.

      Key Words


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