Research Article| Volume 19, ISSUE 13, P1405-1410, December 1997

Smoking in Pregnancy

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      Cigarette smoking is common in pregnancy. Smoking is associated with lower birth weights in a dose-dependent manner. There are more abruptions and higher perinatal mortality rates. There also seems to be a slight increase in spontaneous abortions. Although there is a small increase in preterm delivery rates this involves a shortening of the gestation by only one to two days and probably is not clinically significant. Women should be questioned about their use of cigarettes and encouraged to stop as early as possible in the pregnancy.


      Pendant la grossesse, les femmes fument fréquemment la cigarette. Le tabagisme est associé à des poids de naissance plus faibles et liés à la dose. Les décollements sont alors plus nombreux, et les taux de mortalité périnatale sont plus élevés. Il semble aussi y avoir un léger accroissement des avortements spontanés. Même si l’augmentation des taux d’accouchement avant terme est légére, cela suppose une réduction de la durée de gestation, d’un ou deux jours seulement, ce qui n’est sans doute pas cliniquement significatif. Il faudrait interroger les femmes au sujet de leur consommation de cigarettes et les encourager à cesser de fumer le plus tôt possible pendant la grossesse.

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